Rain in My Old Home
Spring in the south is known to be rainy. During this season, it never rains there but it remains wet for seven or eight days on end. Dwellers in Shanghai, who usually do not feel the need for rain, will be bored with having to confine themselves in their close quarters when outside it is gloomy with rain. While in the open, seeing no mountains, nor lakes, nor rain-drenched soft green leaves, you’ll find nothing comparable to a fine day. Sometimes, worse still, a rich man’s car flashing past may splash you all over with mud.
1，“一落就是七八天”译为it never rains there but it remains wet for seven or eight days on end.，相当于 it never rains there without remaining wet for seven or eight days on end,其中wet 作rainy,on end 意为continuously,或at a time.英语常用never but +主语+动词，表达“?#20174;小?#32780;不…”之意（双重否定表肯定~~），?#37096;?#35793;为”总是“如He never comes but he brings something for the children.
2，“耐不住闷在狭小的家里“译为be bored with having to confine themselves in their close quarters when outside it is gloomy with rain.其中对于否定词”耐不住“，译者采用一个形式上肯定，内容上否定的be bored with来译，符合英语的行文习惯。To confine themselves in/to,即“闷着”。
I remember when I first came to Shanghai to attend school six or seven years ago, I used to be so very busy with my homework that I often had to sit up late into the night. As it happened to be a rainy year, I was often disturbed by the pitter-patter of rain beating down against the window and roof. Indeed, I dislike rain with no less intensity than the elderly gentleman Qi Ming, who sits about moaning about the wet weather all day in his study, over the doorway of which hangs a horizontal board bearing an inscription in his own hand, “Distressing-Rain Study”.
1， sit up late意为“深夜不睡?#34987;页?#24120;见~
2， “岂明?#20808;恕?#21363;周作人（字岂明），因此译为the elderly gentleman Qi Ming，这类有中国特色的词翻译时?#27426;?#35201;加注释哦，可以在不影响理解的情况?#24405;?#22312;原文，?#37096;?#29992;括号或脚注的方法，总之?#27426;?#35201;解释给读者
3， “额其斋”即“ 给某人的书斋取名题字,然后挂到正?#20204;?#25110;门的上方(所谓的额指的是墙或门的上方)”故“额其斋曰：‘苦雨’”译为over the doorway of which hangs a horizontal board bearing an inscription in his own hand, “Distressing-Rain study”.
5， “天天坐在里面嘘气”译为who sits about moaning about the wet weather all day in his study,其中moan相当于sigh之前我们在总结?#26696;?#24936;，感叹“的时候均有提及
6， To sit about意即“懒洋洋地闲坐“，用在此处较sit更为贴切
But that’s something which can be experienced in Shanghai only. I’ll never forget the days when I enjoyed the spring rain in my native place as a small child. I would go upstairs to take a distant look. The faraway mountains were veiled in a misty rain. The villages were now visible, now invisible. The wet open country was fresh and serene. And the rainy evening was even more lovely. One spring, together with two companions, I rowed a small boat to a townlet ten li away to see a village opera. At midnight, after the performance was over, we got caught in a rain on the way home. The boat made its way slowly and our faces were hardly distinguishable by the dim light of the lantern. Rustles were heard the boat rubbed its body against the newly grown green grass by the river bank. The rain beating on the awning gave off a pleasant sound, as if with musical rhythm and cadence. My companions began to sing, to the accompaniment of the drip-drop, the local folk song In a Boat by a Bridge on a Rainy Night. It was truly fascinating.
1，“村落恍惚，若有若无”意同“村落若隐若现?#20445;?#35793;为The villages were now visible, now invisible.其?#23567;皀ow …and now…”作?#31508;?#32780;…时而…”解
2，“和着同伴们土著的歌谣”意即”伴随着同伴们唱的地方歌谣?#21834;?#35793;时颠倒过来，按”伴随着雨声，同伴们唱起一支地方歌谣…”译为My companions began to sing, to the accompaniment of the drip-drop, the local folk song…
4，“不知哪一年春天，我和两个同伴，摇着小船到十里外一个镇上看社戏，/完场已是午夜，归?#23621;?#38632;，/船在河塘中缓缓前进，灯火暗到辨不出人面，/船身擦着?#24433;緞律?#30340;茅草，发出沙沙的声音。“是一长句，我们之?#20843;?#36807;，在翻译时不推崇写太长的句子，因此在翻译时，译者根据主语和意?#33322;?#34892;了断句，将原句译为4个分句，主语分别是I, we，the boat, rustles(沙沙声)，译文结构清晰~
In recent years, living, as I do, in a big city remote from my old home, I invariably feel homesick listening to the harsh, monotonous drip, drip, drip of the rain. O even the sound of rain has changed, to say nothing of the affairs of human life!
1，“投荒“本意为”贬谪“或”被流放到荒远处“，原文作者意为”寄居或居住在遥远的城?#23567;埃?#25925;译为In recent years, living, as I do, in a big city remote from my old home, as I do 是为了加强语气
4，?#26696;?#24453;何说“即”更不用说“，译为to say nothing