在英语语法?#26657;?#26415;语零冠词(zero article)是指在口语或写作?#26657;?#19968;个名词或名词短语前没有冠词(a、an或the)。零冠词也被称为零限定词(zero determiner)。

?#35805;?#26469;说,零冠词与专有名词、不可数名词或可数名词?#35789;?#36830;用。此外,在表达交通运输方式(by plane)或某些时间和地点的惯用表达(at midnight, in jail)时,?#35805;?#19981;使用冠词。

此外,语言学家发现,在新英语变体的区域变体?#26657;?#30465;略冠词通常是表达非特殊性。

在下面的例子?#26657;?#22312;斜体字名词之前没有使用任何冠词。

My mother's name is Rose. I gave her a rose on Mother's Day.
我妈妈?#26032;?#26031;。母亲节那天我送给她?#27426;?#29611;瑰花。

Every mile is two in winter.
每一里路在冬天都会加倍漫长。

This plant grows in sandy soil and on the edges of swamps.
这种?#21442;?#29983;长在沙质土壤和沼泽边缘。

David Rockefeller was authorized to hold the position of director of the Council on Foreign Relations.
大卫·洛克?#35780;?#34987;任命担任外交关系委员会主任。

美式英语与英式英语中的零冠词用法

在美式和英式英语?#26657;?#22312;“school学校”、“college大学”、“class课堂”、“prison监狱”或“camp夏令营”这些词使用惯用意义时,前面?#35805;?#19981;加冠词。

The students start school in the fall.
学生们秋天开始上学。

College provides opportunities for students to learn and meet new people.
大学为学生们提供学习和结识新人的机会。

?#27426;?#22312;美式英语?#26657;?#26377;一些名词前要加定冠词,在英式英语中则不用。

When I was in the hospital, I often wished there were fewer hours in the day.
[美式英语]当我住院时,我常常希望白天的时间能短一些。

When Elizabeth was in hospital, she was occasionally visited by her parents.
[英式英语]伊丽莎白住院时,她的父母常常会去看望她。

零冠词与可数名词的?#35789;?#21644;不可数名词

可数名词是可以有?#35789;?#24418;式的名词,如狗或猫。在名词的?#35789;?#24418;式?#26657;?#21487;数名词前有时不加冠词,特别是?#35805;?#21517;词。当名词是?#35789;?#20294;数量不确定时,同样不加冠词。

Dogs love to run around outside.
狗?#19981;?#22312;外面跑来跑去。

The boy loves to play with toys.
这个男孩?#19981;?#29609;玩具。

不可数名词是不能计数的,如air或sadness。

还有一些名词通常不可数,但在某些情况下可数,例如water或meat。(这些名词可以通过某些特定的测量方式来计数,比如some或much。)

Clean air is important for a healthy environment.
空气清洁对健康的环境是非常重要的。

The man was overcome by sadness when he lost his home.
那个人失去家的时候悲痛万分。